Chile has nine native ethnicities, the most populous of which is the Mapuche. This community became renowned for their indomitable spirit as they resisted Spanish conquistadors for more than three centuries. Many Mapuche continue to live according to their traditions and speak Mapudungún.
In recent years, Lake Budi (located an hour from Temuco) has become an interesting destination for ethno-tourism. Here, you can sleep in a hut, sample traditional Mapuche cuisine, and experience their culture first-hand. If you want to learn more about their history and their crafts, visit the excellent Mapuche Museum of Cañete (located 135 km from Concepción in the region of Biobío).
The Aymara live in small and arid altiplano villages like Putre, Parinacota, Isluga and Colchane. Cariquima is one of the best-preserved examples, featuring a lively church, straw-roofed houses and a community organized to receive visitors. Here you can see women knitting colorful crafts and sample the classic Ayamra dish carne de camélido (llama and alpaca meat) with quinoa.
On Easter Island, you can spend time with the Rapa Nui people, who live among the mysterious Moai statues. You can learn about their mythology, dances, music and language and discover their history at the Padre Sebastián Englert Anthropological Museum.
The southernmost tip of the continent is home to the Yagan, who braved the cold and wind of the canals of Tierra del Fuego in their canoes 8,000 years ago.
|San Pedro de Atacama||Arica|
|Easter Island||Pucón, Villarrica and Temuco|